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NABS Constitution

CONSTITUTION FOR THE

NEBRASKA ASSOCIATION OF BLIND STUDENTS


ENACTED April 16, 1994


ARTICLE I - NAME


The name of this Organization shall be the "Nebraska Association of Blind Students."

ARTICLE II - ORGANIZATIONAL CHARTER


This organization shall be chartered as a State Chapter of the National Association of Blind Students and as a Division of the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska.

ARTICLE III - PURPOSE


The purpose of this Organization shall be to promote educational opportunities and the general well-being of the blind of this nation and the state to function as an integral part of the National Federation of the Blind.

ARTICLE IV - MEMBERSHIP

Section One: Active Members

At least a majority of the active members of this Organization must be students who are blind.

1. All active members shall have the right to vote, serve on committees, speak on the floor, and hold office.

2. Any person may become an active member of this Organization upon application and payment of dues to the Treasurer of this Organization.

Section Two: Associate Members

Any person may apply for and receive Associate membership status at an annual business meeting or through an officer of this Organization. Associate Members shall have all the rights and privileges of Active Members, except that they may not vote or hold office. Associate Members do not pay dues.

Section Three: Expulsion

Any member may be expelled for violation of this Constitution or for behavior unbecoming to a member of the National Federation of the Blind, by a majority vote of the members present and voting at an annual business meeting or by a two thirds vote of the Board of Directors. The annual business meeting of this Organization may reinstate any person who has been expelled, unless such expulsion has been confirmed by the National Convention or by the Board of Directors of the National Federation of the Blind, in which event the person may not be reinstated except by the National Convention or by the National Board of Directors of the National Federation of the Blind. Any person who feels he/she has been unjustly expelled from the organization may appeal to the state board of directors at the annual state convention. If the appeal is denied by the state board, the party may further appeal to the national board of directors, who may, at their discretion, reinstate a member.

ARTICLE V - OFFICERS AND THEIR DUTIES

Section One: Elections

There shall be elected at the regular annual business meeting, a President, a Vice President, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and one board member. The terms of their offices shall begin at the close of the annual business meeting at which they are elected and qualified. Officers shall be elected by a majority vote of all members present and voting. There shall be no proxy voting. If no nominee receives a majority vote on the first ballot, the name of the person receiving the least votes will be removed from the list of nominees and a second ballot recorded. This procedure shall continue until one candidate receives a simple majority of the votes. The President and Vice Presidents must be students who are blind and planning to attend an educational program in the academic year following election.

Section Two: Duties

The duties of each officer shall be those ordinarily associated with that office.

ARTICLE VI - BOARD OF DIRECTORS


The Board of Directors of this Organization shall consist of Four Constitutional Officers. The Board shall meet at the call of the President or on written call, signed by a majority of the Board Members. The Board shall advise the President and shall have charge of the affairs of this Organization between meetings. At least a majority of the Board must be present to constitute a quorum to transact business. The board may be polled by telephone or mail ballot on any question. A majority of the Board of Directors must be students who are blind.

ARTICLE VII - MEETINGS

Section One: Annual Business Meetings

The Organization shall hold an annual business meeting the time and place of which shall coincide with the time and place of the State Convention of the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska. At least twenty-five percent of the active members must be present to constitute a quorum to transact business.

Section Two: Special Meetings

The President of this Organization may call a special meeting any time she/he or a majority of the Board of Directors deems such action to be necessary. At such special meetings at least twenty-five percent of the active members must be present to transact business. To call such a meeting, notice must be given to the Board of Directors at least ten days prior to the date of such special meeting.

ARTICLE VIII - COMMITTEES


The President may create such committees as she/he or the Organization deems necessary.

ARTICLE IX - AFFILIATION


The Nebraska Association of Blind Students shall be an affiliate of the National Association of Blind Students and the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska which are, in turn, affiliates of the National Federation of the Blind. The Nebraska Association of Blind Students shall furnish to the President of the National Association of Blind Students and the President of the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska annually or before January First, a list of the names and addresses of the members who are elected officers of this Organization. A copy of the Constitution of the Nebraska Association of Blind Students, and all Amendments thereto, shall be sent to the President of the National Association of Blind Students and to the President of the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska, without delay.

The Nebraska Association of Blind Students shall not merely be a social organization, but shall formulate programs and actively work to promote the academic and social betterment of the blind. This Organization shall comply with the provisions of the Constitution of the National Federation of the Blind and with the provisions of the contract appearing on the back of the Charter of Affiliation issued to the state affiliates by the National Federation of the Blind. Policy decisions of the National Federation of the Blind, whether made by the National Convention or the Board of Directors, are binding on this Organization and this Organization shall participate and act affirmatively in carrying out such policy decisions. As a condition of affiliation it is agreed by this Organization that the National Federation of the Blind, whether the decision is made by the Convention or the Board of Directors, has the power to expel or discipline an individual member and to expel or reorganize a state affiliate or local chapter. In the event of reorganization, the assets of the affiliate and the chapters belong to the reorganized affiliate, and the former affiliate shall dissolve and cease to exist. The Nebraska Association of Blind Students, Federation of the Blind, or any variant thereof, is the property of the National Federation of the Blind, and this Organization, upon the event of disaffiliation with the National federation of the Blind, for whatever reason, shall forfeit the right to use the name Nebraska Association of Blind Students, Federation of the Blind, or any variant thereof.

ARTICLE X - DUES


The dues of this Organization shall be set at annual business meetings and shall be payable at annual business meetings. No person may vote who is delinquent in the payment of dues.

ARTICLE XI - DISBURSEMENT OF FUNDS


The funds of this Organization shall be deposited in a bank to be selected by the Treasurer, with the approval of the President. All financial transactions shall be discharged by check or other draft, issued on the order of the President, and signed by the Treasurer or the President.

ARTICLE XII - DISSOLUTION


In the event of the dissolution of this Organization, or if, for any reason, it ceases to be an affiliate of the National Federation of the Blind, assents shall be given to the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska, to be held in trust for a reorganized student organization. In the event that no student group is reorganized within a period of two years from the date of dissolution, the assets may be deposited along with the general funds of the National Federation of the Blind of Nebraska, to be used for the purposes of that Organization.

ARTICLE XIII - AMENDMENTS


This Constitution may be amended at any regular meeting of this Organization by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the active members present and voting, provided that it is in compliance with the provisions of the Charter of Affiliation issued by the National Federation of the Blind and the policies of the National Federation of the Blind. Amendments may also be acted upon at special meetings.
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